How "Fake News" Spreads
This video was part of a TedEd lesson. The description says that "in previous decades, most news with global reach came from several major newspapers and networks with the resources to gather information directly. The speed with which information spreads now, however, has created the ideal conditions for something called circular reporting." Noah Tavlin sheds light on this phenomenon. The animation is by Patrick Smith.
Another key factor in how quickly fake news spread is the advent of social media platforms, particularly the share button. Recently, I read that nearly 70 percent of what people shared on social media they themselves never opened the original link to read or view the image. (Source: LikeWar) Information, both true and misleading, spreads quickly on social media and reaches great numbers.
The word media comes from the Latin plural of medium which denoted the middle. Hired journalists were the the middle people between the public and the news sources. Now social media has allowed the public to become the news sources. This has changed the dynamics of information and how it spreads.